Nmn Supplements: Aging brings with it a variety of complications, many of which can be challenging to handle. It manifests itself in decreased muscular strength, greater risk of heart disease, reduced muscle function, increased chances of obesity and diabetes, to name a few.
Improving one’s lifestyle and dietary choices are two ways of reversing those effects, but that will only get you so far. Thankfully, NMN supplements increase NAD+ levels in cells and make you look younger, healthier, and reverse the effects of aging.
But what is NMN, how does it work, and what are its benefits? Read on to know.
Table of Contents
What is NMN Supplements?
NMN or Nicotinamide Mononucleotide is a substance that occurs naturally in all living things. In scientific terms, it is a ribonucleotide obtained from ribose and nicotinamide.
It is a precursor to NAD+ or Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide, a coenzyme found in cells in all living beings and is associated with cell metabolism.
NAD+ also influences sleep cycles, hunger and energy levels, DNA repair, chromosomal maintenance, stimulates the mitochondria, fights against neurodegeneration, improves heart function, the immune system, and gene expression.
How is NAD+ produced in the body?
NAD+ is produced naturally in the body with the help of precursors. A precursor refers to a substance that is formed from another one through a metabolic reaction.
The body has five main precursors: nicotinamide (Nam), tryptophan, nicotinic acid (NA), nicotinamide riboside (NR), and nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), which is the last step in the production process.
Once NAD+ enters the body, it is synthesised by the cells through various pathways. Two of these are the de novo and salvage. The entire process is referred to as biosynthesis by medical experts.
Why can’t NAD supplements be taken directly?
Although the body requires a healthy NAD+ supply to function optimally, you cannot take the supplements directly. This is because the molecule cannot cross cell membranes and enter other cells.
In such cases, precursors like NMN and NR are the best options to increase the supply of this molecule. They are easily absorbed through a molecular transporter fixed in the cell’s surface and begin working in a short time.
Injecting or orally consuming Nicotinamide NMN increases NAD+ levels in the testes, kidneys, skeletal muscles, blood vessels, and eyes.
Benefits of NMN supplements for the anti-aging process
- Enhanced blood flow in the body
The three skeletal muscles, also known as voluntary muscles, are the most common muscle types found in humans. Connected to the bones by the tendons, they ensure a synchronised movement of all body parts. These muscles also provide stability and strength.
However, they need a lot of energy as crucial energy molecules like fatty acids and glucose to remain optimum. The metabolism of these molecules is maintained by NAD+, which is provided in sufficient amounts by consuming NMN supplements.
- Improves metabolic function
The metabolic rate is faster in people with a higher muscle mass. This is because muscle cells need more energy than fat cells to function at optimal levels.
However, with age, the body sees a reduction in muscle mass and an increase in fat, whose overall effect is a slower metabolism. A slow metabolic rate puts the body at risk of contracting several diseases.
Consuming NMN supplements has been known to improve the ability of muscle tissue to enhance metabolism, reduce insulin resistance and weight gain, and improve plasma lipid profile.
- It keeps your heart pumping efficiently
Everybody knows the importance of the heart in the human body. It requires a steady supply of energy to pump blood efficiently and supply oxygen and other nutrients to the brain and other human body areas.
However, it cannot pump blood efficiently without the energy provided by mitochondrial metabolism. A breakdown in it will inevitably lead to heart failure or attack. NMN ensures the mitochondria’s normal functioning and helps it produce the energy required by the heart.
According to research, taking NMN regularly helps rejuvenate the blood vessels, reduce the risk of atherosclerosis and oxidative damage by boosting the NAD+ molecules within the body.
- Effective against weight gain and obesity
Although obesity can occur at any point in a person’s life, and the primary causes are often food and lifestyle choices, and genetics, it can have terrible long-term consequences on a person’s overall health and well-being.
According to various studies, NMN supplements have been shown to emulate the effects of calorie restriction in the body. This is vital because restricting calories is extremely difficult and not always practical.
Further, being able to receive the benefits of calorie restriction without having to resort to extreme diets will undoubtedly be more appealing to people.
- Repairs the DNA process within the body
The DNA damage process increases with age because of various factors, including ultraviolet radiation or UV, mutagenic chemicals, ionising radiation, and mismatch of DNA bases.
If the damage is not attended to, it could hamper the normal functioning of cells and cause harmful mutations leading to cancer. NMN supplements reverse the damage process by increasing antioxidants and decreasing the number of non-proliferating cells. These supplements have also been shown to reverse the damage process in kidney cells significantly.
- Increases the muscle strength and endurance
With the onset of aging, you could experience a loss of muscle mass and endurance, which can significantly affect both physical and mental health—tiredness and exhaustion sets in very quickly.
Taking NMN has improved muscle performance in a large number of people by increasing NAD+ levels in the bloodstream. They enhance the flow of oxygen into muscle tissues and provide energy to depleted cells. Other benefits are improved ventilatory threshold or VT1, more power at second VT2, and significantly greater oxygen intake.
- It gives you a better memory
Apart from the other physical benefits mentioned above, taking NMN supplements will also improve brain health in many ways.
It will decrease the radical damage known to cause Alzheimer’s disease and memory loss by boosting the amount of NAD+ elements in the body. Other benefits are improved attention span, enhanced communication between neurons, and other disorders like epilepsy.
- More hours of sleep with quality
Aging adversely affects the number of hours you sleep daily, because the body produces lower quantities of the growth hormone. This results in less melatonin, meaning you will experience repeated disturbance during your sleep.
NMN will stimulate the production of NAD+, which controls the circadian rhythm in the body. It is an essential link between the circadian system and mitochondria that plays its part in sleep-wake cycles.
These are some of the anti-aging benefits of taking NMN supplements, both mental and physical. All the organs must run in optimal condition as you age, and these supplements will ensure that they do so optimally.
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